Why do the triad cites of London, New York and Tokyo continue to dominate the contemporary global economy?

You should choose ONE of the following essay questions. The word limit is 5,000 words.

1.Why do the triad cites of London, New York and Tokyo continue to dominate the contemporary global economy?
2. What processes have led to the creation of regional trade agreements? Why do they exist in today’s globalized world economy?

These essay questions require you to engage with academic theory. You do not need to include data that you have collected as you did with the group reports. You should not expect to use the data you collected on your city in answering these questions.

Suggested starting points for reading for these essays are:


Goerzen, A., Asmussen, C. and Nielsen, B. B. “Global cities and multinational enterprise location strategy.” Journal of International Business Studies 44 no. 5 (2013): 427-450.

Sassen, S. (2001) The global city : New York, London, Tokyo. 2nd Edition. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Sassen, S. (2005) The Global City: Introducing the Concept. Brown Journal of World Affairs. Winter/Spring 11 (2) p. 27-43.


Rugman, A. & Collinson, S. (2012) International Busines.6th Ed. Chapters 1 and 19.

Buckley, P. Clegg, J. Forsans, N. and Reilly, K. (2001) Increasing the Size of the “Country”: Regional Economic Integration and Foreign Direct Investment in a Globalised World Economy, Management International Review, 41(3) p .251-274 (posted in VITAL)

Clegg, J., Buckely, P. and Forsan, N.: Foreign Market Servicing Strategies in the NAFTA area’, http://www.cjrs-rcsr.org/archives/21-2/Buckley-et-al.pdf

Feils, D. and Rahman, M. (2008) Regional economic integration and foreign direct investment: The case of NAFTA, Management International Review, 48(2) p.147-163 (posted in VITAL).

European Union (2013) Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership: The Economic Analysis Explained, http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/docs/2013/september/tradoc_151787.pdf

Transworld (2013) The Future of the Transatlantic economic relationship: opportunities and Challenges towards the TTip, http://www.iai.it/pdf/Transworld/TW_WP_35.pdf

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