Marcel Duchamp’s Fountain (32-30) was an intentional avant-garde gesture of trangressive.
It was part of a series of readymades that Duchamp exhibited during the 1910s. When Fountain was rejected from the American Society of Independent Artists, however, it was defended as an art object:
“Whether Mr. Mutt with his own hands made the fountain or not has no importance. He CHOSE it. He took an ordinary article of life, placed it so that its useful significance disappeared under the new title and point of view – created a new thought for that object.”
*****Debate whether this action of choice is sufficient to create a work of art.