Restorative Justice in Canada (Victimology)
APA or ASA StyleNo First-person
8 pages (excluding title page, references)
Please try to use the sources attached in the Research Proposal below:
The purpose of my term paper will be to take an in-depth look at restorative justice relating to victimology. Through both conceptual and empirical research the term paper will explain what restorative justice is, its values and principles in society, the different practices and whether they are effective or not in society, along with challenges restorative justice practices can have. The Prohibition Party to Pure Theory of Law, an encyclopedia said “Criminal behavior upsets the peaceful balance of society, and these different practices help to restore the balance”(Punishment, pg.1). Restorative justice is an important study because the main goal is to make society and the communities we live in better places. Through the research and studying done in the term paper it will give the ability to know whether restorative justice is both effective and a better fit than retributive justice or other practices for societies to follow.
The study will contribute to the efficiency of restorative justice practices. Rodriguez wrote, “Juveniles who successfully completed the restorative justice program were less likely to recidivate than were juveniles in a comparison group.”(Rodriguez, pg.1) Restorative justice allows offenders to take responsibility for crimes they have committed and gives them a chance to be reintegrated into society. Part of the problem with offenders is they don’t understand their actions hurt the whole community. Dzur said’ “Restorative justice offers citizens for understanding and owning up to the punishment that is neted out on their behalf are central to restorative justice as a normative theory.”(Dzur, pg.1) These practices are what is working to help society, very similar to what Rodriguez talked about in regards to restorative justice. The term paper will be approached from all angles looking at personal experiences to scholarly sources. Surveys, studies, statistics, interviews, observations and more will all be taken into account. Sources and information will mostly be Canadian based including a review of restorative justice from the Canadian department of justice. The department of justice made findings saying, “Victims and offenders who experience a restorative justice program express high levels of satisfaction”(The Effects, pg.1)
Dzur, A. “Restorative Justice and Civic Accountability for Punishment.”Scholar Portal. Scholar Portal, Oct. 2004. Web. 6 July 2016.
“Punishment – Theories Of Punishment.” – Utilitarian, Society, Theory, and Criminal. JRank, n.d. Web. 06 July 2016.
Rodriguez, Nancy. “RESTORATIVE JUSTICE, COMMUNITIES, AND DELINQUENCY: WHOM DO WE REINTEGRATE?” Scholar Portal. Scholar Portal, Feb. 2005. Web. 6 July 2016.
“The Effects of Restorative Justice Programming: A Review of the Empirical.”Government of Canada, Department of Justice, Research and Statistics Division. Department of Justice, 07 Jan. 2015. Web. 06 July 2016.
*Teacher said to focus on Restorative justice in Canada.
*Make specific “the effectiveness of restorative justice practices in Canada