the ethics of war, Reichberg, syse, begby
1. How does Aquinas (16) answer the following: “It would seem that it is always sinful to wage war.”? (Include objections and replies). (Question 40).
2. Cajetan (22) specifically makes a distinction between defensive and offensive war. What is this distinction? (You may have to dig around a bit).
3. Machiavelli (23), cites Livy, “for war is just to whom it is necessary, and arms are pious when there is no hope but in arms.” Based on the selections from Machiavelli’s The Prince, does he (Machiavelli) relate this to morality or not?
4. Regarding the few selections from More (24), how did he describe the concept of war held by the Utopians? Specifically discuss (develop) the idea of the relationship between economy and warfare. Is this relatable to modern concepts?
5. How does de Pizan (19) treat the issue of anyone starting a war? (213, para. 3++) Under what conditions may a prince undertake a war? (213, para. 3, 4; 214).
6. Luther and Calvin (25) both discuss war. Do they see “the use of military force mainly as a political rather than a religious tool?” (213, middle of last para.) Use appropriate citations (clearly indicated) to demonstrate the accuracy of the above statement.